Use survey form k.
Many wild flowers are confined to particular habitats such as woodlands, wetlands or meadows. Some plants will only grow on particular soil types. Getting to know the complete range of wild flowers in your local area is a fun and rewarding activity but will involve visiting the full range of habitats at several different times of year.
Unless you are part of an enthusiastic team this may be impractical during the course of a single growing season, and it may be more manageable to select a smaller area, say a roadside verge, and try to build a comprehensive picture of what is growing there over the course of a year. You can extend your survey in subsequent years to cover other habitats.
A good method of surveying plants in a large area such as a meadow will be to mark out a representative area of say, 5m x 5m or use a small quadrat at regular intervals over the complete area.
As well as listing the plants you find try to estimate the percentage of the area covered by individual species by using the following key:
= species makes up more than 50% of area and/or is the d
= species is a
bundant and makes up between 26% and 50% of area.
= species is f
requently encountered and makes up between 11% and 25% of area.
= species is o
ccasionally encountered and makes up between 5% and 10% of area.
= species is r
are and makes up less than 5% of the area.
If possible carry out this survey at least three times during a year:
Spring – March/April
Early Summer – June/July
Late Summer – August/September