Although the Hornbeam is abundant in the south and east of England, it is probably the least known common tree. The wood is too hard for general timber uses but is sometimes used to make musical instruments.
Although the hornbeam is not itself, a species of conservation concern, Norfolk's target is to maintain the current extent of lowland mixed deciduous woodland, expanding it where appropriate and encouraging a balance of appropriate management regimes. The cessation of traditional management practices such as coppicing has lead to a reduction in structural diversity within many types of woodland. Modern agricultural practices have led to the simplification of landscapes through the removal of hedgerows and intense cultivation up to woodland boundaries, ecologically isolating them.
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