NWT Lower Wood, Ashwellthorpe is a medium-sized ancient woodland, which was recorded in the Domesday Book.
More recently, coppicing – a traditional form of woodland management that encourages growth by repeatedly cutting back young stems to near ground level – has been carried out extensively here.
Alongside the bluebells that carpet the understorey in spring, wild garlic is also common. Other plants include wood anemone, wood spurge, woodruff, herb Paris, twayblade, and a profusion of early purple orchids. More than 200 species of fungi have been recorded.
Butterflies are well represented, including white admiral. A number of common mammals occur including red, roe and muntjac deer, and of course the ubiquitous grey squirrel (like many Norfolk woodlands, red squirrel could still be found in Lower Wood up to the 1970s, though sadly no more).